23 Aug

Apple trees can range in size from 6 to 30 feet in height, depending on the variety and type of rootstock (dwarf, semi-dwarf, etc.)

It is a fruit of the genus Malus (about 25 species) belonging to the family Rosaceae, the most widely cultivated fruit tree. The apple is one of the fleshy fruits in which the ripened ovary and surrounding tissue both become fleshy and edible. The apple flower of most varieties requires cross pollination for fertilisation and a desirable fruit set by 2% to 3% bloom.

There are 3 colours in apples are indicative of good health as shown below:
i) Green Apples: Good for strong bones and teeth, aids in vision, anti cancer properties.
ii) Yellow Apples: Good for heart and eyes, immune system, reduce risk of some cancers.
iii) Red Apples: Good for heart, memory function, lower risk of some cancers and to maintain urinary tract health.

“An apple a day keeps the doctor away”, it means one apple daily will lower the chances of health problems. But what exactly are the health benefits of apples? Here are several reasons for your attention.

a) Bone Protection
French researchers found that a flavanoid called phloridzin that is found only in apples may protect post-menopausal women from osteoporosis and may also increase bone density. Boron, another ingredient in apples, also strengthens bones.

b) Asthma Help
One recent study shows that children with asthma who drank apple juice on a daily basis suffered from less wheezing than children who drank apple juice only once per month. Another study showed that children born to women who eat a lot of apples during pregnancy have lower rates of asthma than children whose mothers ate few apples.

c) Alzheimer’s Prevention
A study on mice at Cornell University found that the quercetin in apples may protect brain cells from the kind of free radical damage that may lead to Alzheimer’s disease.

d) Lower Cholesterol
Apples are low in calories; contain no saturated fats. The pectin in apples lowers LDL (“bad”) cholesterol. People who eat two apples per day may lower their cholesterol by as much as 16 percent.

e) Lung Cancer Prevention
According to a study of 10,000 people, those who ate the most apples had a 50 percent lower risk of developing lung cancer. Researchers believe this is due to the high levels of the flavonoids quercetin and naringin in apples.

f) Breast Cancer Prevention
A Cornell University study found that rats who ate one apple per day reduced their risk of breast cancer by 17 percent. Rats fed three apples per day reduced their risk by 39 percent and those fed six apples per day reduced their risk by 44 percent.

g) Colon Cancer Prevention
One study found that rats fed an extract from apple skins had a 43 percent lower risk of colon cancer. Other research shows that the pectin in apples reduces the risk of colon cancer and helps maintain a healthy digestive tract.

h) Liver Cancer Prevention
Research found that rats fed an extract from apple skins had a 57 percent lower risk of liver cancer.

i) Diabetes Management
The pectin in apples supplies galacturonic acid to the body which lowers the body’s need for insulin and may help in the management of diabetes.

j) Weight Loss
A Brazilian study found that women who ate three apples or pears per day lost more weight while dieting than women who did not eat fruit while dieting.

In case, you do not know in some cases, there are some people might have apple allergy. Read more to understand better.

Oral allergy syndrome is an allergic reaction some people will experience due to the birch pollen left on the apples. Because the pollen is the main irritant, only the raw apples, especially their skin, cause the allergic reaction. Cooked apples do not cause these symptoms as the heat denatures the proteins in the pollen, rendering them harmless to those sensitive. If one is allergic to apples, he or she may also experience an allergic reaction with other fruits in the Rosaceae family which include peaches and hazelnuts.

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